What are the Symptoms of HPV
HPV also known as Human Papillomavirus is a sexually transmitted infection. Statistics indicate that up to 90% of males and females come into contact with HPV at the point in their life. When they become sexually active, they can contract and have symptoms of HPV. Unknowingly they pass it to their partner through sexual contact. There are been around 250 strains of HPV that have been identified, but only a few of them can really lead to serious medical problems especially in females.
This disease usually leads to cervical cancer if not detected early enough; in fact, there are 3000 to 4000 women that die due to cervical cancer every year. Medical studies show that the reason for these high numbers is because women have no idea that they have cervical cancer until it is too late. As they say, prevention is better than cure, so what are really the symptoms of this disease?
Symptoms of HPV in Men
The most common symptoms of HPV in men and also women are having genital warts. For men, if you have noticed any abnormalities like scaly or itchy patches in your genital area, you need to check it out immediately. Genital warts more likely appear in a cluster, like mini cauliflower. The area surrounding the warts is usually painful and itchy. These warts can affect the penis, scrotum, urethra and rectal area. These warts can be small in size or spread across a wide area from your genitals up to your anus.
Symptoms of HPV in Women
Having genital warts is also the most common symptoms of HPV in women. These warts are of different sizes and usually appear in moist areas of female genital like the vagina opening. HPV in women may also be caused by a history of other STDs. Another symptom is vaginal discharge and itching. If the woman affected with the virus still continues to have sexual contact, she is more likely to experience bleeding after having sex. These warts may further cause bleeding and obstruct urination.
Diagnosis can be made after determining the appearance and history of warts. The acetic acid solution may be applied to the supposed area to know if it is really HPV. Another technique is colposcopy which refers to the magnification of the affected area with the use of a scope. In females, Pap smear test is done to detect HPV presence and the abnormal cells in the cervix. If warts appear after being treated, then Biopsy is usually performed.
There are also several ways in removing these genital warts. The most common methods are laser treatment, cryotherapy, electrodesiccation, surgery, and medications. Medications include like podophyllum resin, Podofilox, trichloroacetic acid, 5-Fluorouracil, and Imiquimod. As you can see, there are many treatments available, but these treatments are not 100% effective because it is impossible to remove the infection. These warts may on their own accord subside and go away after few months.
It is very wise to always consult your doctor for advice on what to do anytime you suspect that you have signs and symptoms of HPV and always remember it is important to practice safe sex and to know the truth about HPV and the treatments for it.